Me haceis ponerme tecnico ijosdeputah. Tema Quebec.
Decision de la corte suprema, 1998
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/scc/doc/19 ... ii793.html
"a right to secession only arises under the principle of self-determination of people at international law where "a people" is governed as part of a colonial empire; where "a people" is subject to alien subjugation, domination or exploitation; and possibly where "a people" is denied any meaningful exercise of its right to self-determination within the state of which it forms a part. In other circumstances, peoples are expected to achieve self-determination within the framework of their existing state. A state whose government represents the whole of the people or peoples resident within its territory, on a basis of equality and without discrimination, and respects the principles of self‑determination in its internal arrangements, is entitled to maintain its territorial integrity under international law and to have that territorial integrity recognized by other states. Quebec does not meet the threshold of a colonial people or an oppressed people, nor can it be suggested that Quebecers have been denied meaningful access to government to pursue their political, economic, cultural and social development."
Enciclopedia de princeton.
In international law, the right of self-determination that became recognized in the 1960s was interpreted as the right of all colonial territories to become independent or to adopt any other status they freely chose. (...) While no right to secession has yet been recognized under international law, it is possible that such a right may be accepted in the future as an exceptional measure, if a distinct group of people is systematically denied the right to participate in the government of the state or if individuals within such a group suffer systematic and gross violations of human rights that make their participation in that state impossible.
Resumon que fuera de una relacion colonial el unico escenario posible contemplado para que una independencia unilateral tuviera apoyos internacionales seria mediante una violacion reiterada y grave de los derechos de los catalanes o la imposibilidad de participar democraticamente en su autogobierno en IGUALDAD con otros españoles.
Vamos, la doctrina del ICJ sobre Kosovo.
https://www.thenewfederalist.eu/Interna ... ovo-ruling
In Barcelona, it has been followed with special interests. Yet contrary to what someone might think, no relevant media group or political party has tried a direct comparison between Kosovo and cases like Catalonia, Flanders or Scotland. Despite some minority reactions, there has been a general agreement on carefulness and moderation when comparing the situations. Working out a valid comparison between Kosovo and anywhere else demands a complex adaptation of political concepts according to their contexts. Doing it in another way would lead to important mistakes, because when we speak about political phenomenon, we only can understand them within specific constraints. This makes impossible to apply the same context, with the same meaning, to very different places.
Espero que ahora este algo mas claro.